When the career of Galya is considered together with that of Minnie Pwerle and her other sisters of Emily and Molly, they form a modern-day phenomenon in the Aboriginal art world. Here is a group (in Western art terminology we would call them a ‘school’) with a unique basis. Four sisters, one of whom is already an established star, all originating from a remote desert area of central Australia, all painters of traditional ‘dreamings’ that connect them irrevocably to their country, all of considerable age and experience and all living through an era of ‘first contact’ with European graziers invading their traditional lands and existence. There has been no equivalent in the Aboriginal art world.
During 2004 the sisters were encouraged to take up painting with non-traditional materials. They had, of course, all been painters in the traditional sense: body painters with ochre, clay and charcoal ash.
Barbara Weir, Minnie’s eldest daughter encouraged her aunties to paint and originated the first group workshop at Irrultja, a tiny outstation near Utopia. The sisters took to painting with the new materials in an instinctive way and found that they could easily and effectively express their ancient dreamings. They treated the workshops as opportunities for ‘performance’ and in some ways, emulated the dancing, singing and chanting of ceremonies they had practiced throughout their lives.
The history of those elderly ladies goes a long way back and it may well be that they are older than published. They remember well seeing their first white people. Accordingly, they form a link with a tribal, nomadic and traditional way of life that is now rapidly fading. As the generation of Emily Kngwarreye, Minnie Pwerle and her sisters pass away so too will that traditional knowledge be diminished.
Molly’s paintings are characterised by a series of long horizontal or vertical lines that represent the markings painted on the upper part of the women’s bodies when they gather to perform their ceremonial dance. These lines represent dancing tracks in the sand made by the women.
Emily paints “Awelye Atnwengerrp (women’s ceremony), she employs a series of lines and symbols and often criss-crossed patterns. These are frequently laid one on top of another in colours that are expressive, colourful and dynamic. Her patterns originate in body design and were an integral part of ceremonies.
Galya paints grass that was plentiful in the Utopia area; Portulaca Oleracea, (referred to as, ‘munyeroo’) which had provided a vital food source for many generations. The grass produces a tiny black seed and Galya adopted its half-circle shape as the dominant motif of her painting.
Cattle grazing, over a fifty-year period, reduced the prolific nature of this grass. Consequently, Galya is recalling, in her paintings, the time when its seeds were a significant part of the diet of her clan. As such, important dreaming stories developed around this grass and its seed. The seed may seem insignificant to western notions but for the women of Utopia it holds a place of importance.
In her more recent paintings she has developed a way of working which sees her lay down a basis of traditional Awelye, women’s body painting, which is then covered, and partly obscured by expressive, coloured dotting. This creates a ‘look through’ effect that is enigmatic but redolent of country and desert colour.
When the career of Galya is considered together with that of Minnie Pwerle and her other sisters of Emily and Molly, they form a modern-day phenomenon in the Aboriginal art world. Here is a group (in Western art terminology we would call them a ‘school’) with a unique basis. Four sisters, one of whom is already an established star, all...